AGRICULTURE

About 90% of the total population of the district is dependent on agriculture. There is scarcely sufficient and dependable source of irrigation because of the district being hilly. The main sources of irrigation in the district are river, canal, ponds and wells. The net sown area of the district is 55070 hectares and out of which, only 7752 hectares of land is under irrigation. The main crop of the district is rice followed by millets (Marua, Gondli and Maize), pulses and wheat, oil seeds (Sarguja and Groundnut).

Land Classification of the Lohardaga district:
Classifications Geographical area, In 000, ha
Total geographical area 153.62
Total forest area 44.36
Barren and uncultivated land 9.40
Cultivated waste land 43.77
Net Sown area 49.34
Total cropped area 55.07
Cropping intensity 112.0
Kharif Land use pattern of Lohardaga district:
Particulars Area in ha
Total used land 55070
Paddy 44000
Pulses 4000
Oilseed 2465
Maize 4200
Marua (Ragi) 405
Rabi Land use pattern of Lohardaga district:
Particulars Area in ha
Total Irrigation Land 7752
Total area under Rabi 15696
Wheat 3388
Vegetable 5102
Oilseed 2638
Pulses 2992
Gram 1302